Frontier thesis excerpt

Movement has been its dominant fact, and, unless this training has no effect upon a people, the American energy will continually demand a wider field for its exercise.

frontier thesis pdf

In our understanding of what we are as a nation, if on no other level, the Western past continues to define us today. Some have long disputed the very idea of a frontier of "free land.

Turner thesis essay

Limerick points out that Kennedy assumed that "the campaigns of the Old Frontier had been successful, and morally justified. Administratively the frontier called out some of the highest and most vitalizing activities of the general government. The frontier, they argued, shaped uniquely American institutions such as revivals, camp meetings, and itinerant preaching. The effect of the Indian frontier as a consolidating agent in our history is important. Traxel, David. The existence of this land of opportunity has made America the goal of idealists from the days of the Pilgrim Fathers. Even the New Englander, who was shut out from the frontier by the Middle region, tarrying in New York or Pennsylvania on his westward march, lost the acuteness of his sectionalism on the way. Travelers of the eighteenth century found the "cowpens" among the canebrakes and peavine pastures of the South, and the "cow drivers" took their droves to Charleston, Philadelphia, and New York. The development of mines in Colorado had drawn isolated frontier settlements into that region, and Montana and Idaho were receiving settlers. Reflection Reflecting on their work in the previous activities, students will consider the significance of the frontier, its influence on America, and the extent to which the frontier was shaped by Congress. Direct the students to collaborate as they answer the questions on the worksheet. If now in the way of recapitulation, we try to pick out from the influences that have gone to the making of Western democracy the factors which constitute the net result of this movement, we shall have to mention at least the following Most important of all has been the fact that an area of free land has continually lain on the western border of the settled area of the United States. Disneyland 's Frontierland of the mid to late 20th century reflected the myth of rugged individualism that celebrated what was perceived to be the American heritage. This is the great, the nation-wide frontier of insecurity, of human want and fear.

The explanation of the rapidity of this advance is connected with the effects of the trader on the Indian's;e trading post left the unarmed tribes at the mercy of those that had purchased firearms a truth which the Iroquois Indians wrote in blood, and so the remote and unvisited tribes gave eager welcome to the trade;?

In this connection may be mentioned the importance of the frontier, from that day to this, as a military training school, keeping alive the power of resistance to aggression, and developing the stalwart and rugged qualities of the frontiersman.

the significance of the frontier in american history

Turner's essay reached triumphalist heights in his belief that the promotion of individualistic democracy was the most important effect of the frontier.

In short, at the frontier the environment is at first too strong for the man. It puts him in the log cabin of the Cherokee and Iroquois and runs an Indian palisade around him.

Frontier thesis excerpt

The ranges of the Great Plains, with ranch and cowboy and nomadic life, are things of yesterday and of today. They have been placed for your advantage in places which you frequent.

The last chapter in the development of Western democracy is the one that deals with its conquest over the vast spaces of the new West.

Frontier thesis for dummies

It was on this forboding note that he closed his address: "And now, four centuries from the discovery of America, at the end of a hundred years of life under the Constitution, the frontier has gone, and with its going has closed the first period of American history. These free lands promoted individualism, economic equality, freedom to rise, democracy. The free lands are gone. The pioneer farmer of the days of Lincoln could place his family on a flatboat, strike into the wilderness, cut out his clearing, and with little or no capital go on to the achievement of industrial independence. Burke and other writers in the middle of the eighteenth century believed that Pennsylvania was "threatened with the danger of being wholly foreign in language, manners and perhaps even inclinations. In the pavilions and halls of the Exposition, the electric light bulb, the moveable sidewalk, the Ferris wheel, diet carbonated soda, and Cream of Wheat were a few of the many exciting things unveiled. They adapted to the new physical, economic and political environment in certain ways—the cumulative effect of these adaptations was Americanization. And to study this advance, the men who grew up under these conditions, and the political, economic, and social results of it, is to study the really American part of our history. The experience of the Carolina cowpens guided the ranchers of Texas. Hardly is a new State or Territory formed before the same principle manifests itself again and gives rise to a further emigration; and so is it destined to go on until a physical barrier must finally obstruct its progress. Earlier yet it had been a wheat area, and still earlier the "range" had attracted the cattle-herder. A decade before this, Ohio had shown the same transition stage.

The Old Dominion has long been celebrated for producinggreat orators; the ablest metaphysicians in policy; men that can split hairs in all abstruse questions of political economy. The dread of Western emancipation from New England's political and economic control was paralleled by her fears lest the West cut loose from her religion.

Each side, the Westerners and the native savages, struggled for mastery of the land through violence.

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FJ Turner, Frontier Thesis