But our next proposition carries the matter somewhat further.
Paley bases his possible objections on what the ordinary person would be likely to believe an ad populum aspect of the argument; as well, he uses the phrase of what "any man in his senses" could not believe suggesting only a fool could believe the ad hominem aspect of the argument.
Looking at this argument it appears perfectly reasonable and indisputable as it is said that or world does work to well to have happened by coincidence with things such as solar systems, food chains and the concept of day and night, with animals especially well adapted to come out at night for example when there are fewer threats in form of predators.
If the perfect creator that Paley alludes to was responsible for the universe, then his creations, too, should be perfect. But the bodies of animals hold, in their constitution and properties, a close and important relation to natures altogether external to their own; to inanimate substances, and to the specific qualities of these, e.
And he notes that though it dissipates among groups living in widely divergent habitats, the similarity does not disappear. Each individual is believed to develop a restricted set of perceptions though his own unique transactions with the environment to handle the infinite variety of possible retinal images which he receives.
The muscle is passed through a loop formed by another muscle: and is there inflected, as if it were round a pulley. To this day, students are taught theories that have managed to stand the test of time and interpretation, theories that are highly respected by the top scholars of this century The premises on which Paley bases his conclusion are rooted in nature, yet his conclusion is the existence of a supernatural entity — the perfect, omnipotent creator.
The indication of contrivance remained, with respect to them, nearly as it was before. Again, this represents something of a more sophisticated application of the argument from design than is often encountered in contemporary discourse. At the interface to technology, mineralogy is providing a stimulus both in terms of the materials studied and the tools applied to their investigation.
As he suggested, he built its argument and is an analogy argument.
Yet, if all possible existences have been tried, they must have formed part of the catalogue.